If it is found that you have plagiarized — deliberately or inadvertently — you may face serious consequences. In some instances, plagiarism has meant that students have had to leave the institutions where they were studying. Plagiarism occurs when you borrow another’s words and do not acknowledge that you have done so.

Although footnotes are sometimes required, endnotes have become the predominant form of notes citations. APA style has specific rules for citing works by multiple authors. Use the following guidelines to determine how to correctly cite works by multiple authors in text. For more information on citing works by multiple authors see the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines page on in-text citation.

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Every source you cite in your paper or essay must also appear in the references list. Inversely, each entry in your reference list must be cited in the paper.

  • The APA Sample Paper below has more information about formatting your paper.
  • Do not italicize or use quotation marks for the titles of articles.
  • Use the words “quoted in” or “quoted out” to accompany your in-text citation.
  • Even if you do not directly quote a sentence and instead choose to paraphrase it, this still requires a citation.

Skip two spaces after the footnote before you begin the next sentence. Otherwise, put it right at the end of the most relevant word. If the footnote is not at the end of a sentence, skip only one space after it.

Book Citations in APA Style

You MUST cite all quoted, paraphrased, or summarized words, ideas, and facts from sources. Without in-text citations, you are technically in danger of plagiarism, even if you have listed your sources at the end of the essay. Remember, any source used in your essay must be included in your reference section. Conversely, any source listed in your references must be cited somewhere in the body of your paper. When listing journal articles, give author’s initials, surname, the title in single inverted commas, year, volume, issue, journal name and page references.

It involves both stealing someone else’s work and lying about it afterward. Heavy social media use can be linked to depression and other mental disorders in teens . Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages.

Avoid Capitalizing Minor Words

The manual states, “There are two ways of in-text citation” (Smith, 2005, p. 26). Research on social networks in higher education institutions usually focuses on one of the two main groups of participants — teachers or students.

how to cite an article in an essay

If you want to find a publisher for a book published in the United States, type their city and state. If you’re citing an in-text article, make sure to cite the author, not the textbook’s author or editor. If you want to cite an article inside of a book in MLA format, begin with the author’s last name. Use the words “quoted in” or “quoted out” to accompany your in-text citation. Include the original author’s name if you mention a passage in your paper. Secondary sources should be cited in the format that is specified in your citation style.

How do you cite two sources in one sentence APA?

Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Accurate and consistent referencing is essential in all academic work. Whenever you refer to either the work or ideas of someone, or are influenced by another’s work, you must acknowledge this. Similarly if you make a direct quotation from someone’s work bridge essay examples this should be referred to accurately. If you are directly quoting or borrowing from another work, you should include the page number at the end of the parenthetical citation. When writing about yourself or your lived experiences, a citation is not necessary. Original ideas, including the write-up of results from your own research or projects, do not require citations.

EssayPro offers high quality business essay writing services provided by professionals. A DOI, or Digital Object Identifier, is a tool used in the APA format, instead of a URL. URLs tend to change; therefore, the reader is not always able to retrieve a certain online source.

How to Cite a Website in MLA 8

This means only including a works cited page at the end of the paper is not sufficient. When citing classic poems and plays, replace page numbers with division numbers .The example below refers to book 10 line 5. Bear in mind the divisions and the way they are written can vary by source. For works such as novels, plays and other classic works, it’s helpful to provide further identifying information along with the page information. Do this by adding a semicolon and then the identifying information following the page number. This website is using a security service to protect itself from online attacks.

  • Referring to a trustworthy source shows that the information is reliable.
  • Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known.
  • Including a list of Works Cited at the end of an essay is not enough.
  • If you’re wondering how to write an academic essay with references, look no further.

According to Smith , you must be aware of citation rules to avoid plagiarism in your essay. If compared to MLA, APA style is a bit more complicated and requires the writer to specify more details. Apart from the author’s last name and the page number, you’d also need to include the year of publication. Start your Bibliography entry with the name of the author of the essay. Type the last name of the author of the essay, followed by a comma.

Cite Your Sources in MLA format

It is generally advisable to use the ‘top level’ address when listing news items such as the one above. Each reference must be accompanied by a link to details of the source, as outlined below. Accurate quoting and referencing give credit both to you and to those whose work you have used. Passages taken from the work of others must be suitably acknowledged with the use of speech marks and a clear reference to the source. A “hanging indent” means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.

The title should be in the same format as the Reference list entry. In-text citations are also necessary when you’re paraphrasing.

About Hooked To Books

The title of the essay is enclosed in double quotation marks and uses title case. The book or collection title is given in italics and uses title case. For sources with three or more authors, use the first name and surname of the first author followed by “and others” or “and colleagues” (e.g., Mary Strine and others). In subsequent citations, use only the surname of the first author followed by “and others” or “and colleagues” (e.g., Strine and others). The title of the chapter is enclosed in double quotation marks and uses title case. For citations in prose, use the first name and surname of the author on the first occurrence. In parenthetical citations, always use only the surname of the author.

  • Review five different methods for including the words of another writer or information from a research resource into the text of your paper.
  • You put the source reference in a footnote or endnote with in-text note citations.
  • Try to keep direct quotes to a minimum in your writing.
  • Sometimes you may be asked to include these — especially if you have used a parenthetical style of citation.
  • Still, there may be some instances where you’re asked to handwrite an essay rather than type it, in which case, you should follow the rules below.

APA style is used to cite sources in the field of social sciences. It can be used for research papers in the subjects of social anthropology, sociology, social psychology, political science, and economics. When learning how to write an academic essay with references, you must identify reliable sources that support your argument. You can avoid plagiarism and show readers where to find information by using citations and references. Whatever your field of expertise, our academic articles will help you navigate the writing process.

Below are some examples in which you may not need to cite. However, if you are in doubt, it is best to cite the source and consult your instructor. Place the parenthetical citation how to cite an article in an essay where there is a pause in the sentence – normally before the end of a sentence or a comma. The article is discussed in the Journal Name, Volume, Page of the journal.